When it becomes warm again in spring and the first blossoms and bushes begin to bloom, the bees also begin to swarm. There is a lot to tell about bees that is worth knowing and is exciting and interesting.
Like ants and wasps, bees belong to the order of hymenoptera (“membrane-winged”). The bee family is divided into honeybees and bumblebees. It is especially interesting that bees live together in a large colony. There is a queen bee, and she is the only bee that lays eggs, from which the offspring are hatched. Besides a few males (the so-called drones), a bee colony consists primarily of female worker bees that have different tasks. During her life, a worker bee repeatedly takes on new tasks, depending on her age.
At the beginning of her life, a bee looks after the honeycomb cells and prepares them for the queen’s eggs. She then becomes a nurse bee and feeds the larvae (= bee babies) with nectar. Later she can then produce wax with the glands on her posterior and build honeycombs. There are also guard bees, who protect the beehive against foreign invaders, and forager bees, who fly out to transport sweet plant nectars in a honey sack back to the beehive. It is especially interesting that the foragers use special dances to show in which direction the food sources are located. The foragers spit out the nectar in the hive, where it is ingested by the hive bees. The hive bees process the nectar in their honey stomachs and bring it to the honeycombs, where they deposit ripe honey. The honey is used as food for the larvae and is at that same the winter food supply for the bee colony.